India ranks 10th in global cybercrime, finds study

8


India has been placed 10th in the world for cybercrime activities, with advance fee fraud being the most prevalent type, a new study involving cybercrime experts globally has revealed.

The study, leading to the creation of the ‘World Cybercrime Index,’ ranks about 100 countries based on their involvement in various cybercrime categories, such as ransomware, credit card theft, and scams.

The research, published in the PLoS ONE journal, lists Russia as the leading country in cybercrime, followed by Ukraine, China, the US, Nigeria, and Romania.

North Korea, the UK, and Brazil are ranked seventh, eighth, and ninth, respectively. Experts participating in the survey were asked to identify countries contributing significantly to major cybercrime types.

These types include technical services like malware, attacks and extortion including ransomware, data and identity theft, scams such as advance fee fraud, and cashing out or money laundering through virtual currency.

The survey, conducted from March to October 2021, received 92 complete responses.

Findings show that the top six countries are prevalent across all cybercrime categories, with some countries specialising in specific types.

“Russia and Ukraine are highly technical cybercrime hubs, whereas Nigerian cybercriminals are engaged in less technical forms of cybercrime,” the study states.

Countries are found to specialise in crimes ranging from high-tech to low-tech, with India identified as specialising in scams. Romania and the US, like India, were found to specialise in both high-tech and low-tech crimes, positioning India as a “balanced hub” for mid-tech cybercrimes.

“Each country has a distinct profile, indicating a unique local dimension,” the authors noted. Miranda Bruce, a co-author from the University of Oxford, UK, highlighted the importance of the findings: “We now have a deeper understanding of the geography of cybercrime, and how different countries specialise in different types of cybercrime.”

The surveyed experts were professionals with at least five years of experience in cybercrime intelligence, investigation, and attribution, known for their excellent reputation among peers.

Source: Eastern Eye